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San José City and Cantón

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Map of  San José Province Costa Rica

Acosta San José Pérez Zeledón Vásquez de Coronado
Dota Puriscal Curridabat Montes de Oca
Mora Escazú Alajuelita Desamparados
Tibás Moravia Turrubares Goicoechea
Asserí Tarrazú Santa Ana León Cortés Castro

San José

Escudo de la Provincia San José Canton No. 1:  San José
Capital:  San José
Size:  44,62 km2
Founded:  1848

Districts

San José city, Canton de San JoséCosta Rica District No. 1:  Carmen (NE)
District 2:  Merced (NW)
District 3:  Hospital (SW)
District 4:  Catedral (SE)
District 5:  Zapote
District 6:  San Francisco de Dos Ríos
District 7:  Uruca
District 8:  Mata Redonda, Morenos
District 9:  Pavas
District 10:  Hatillo
District 11:  San Sebastián

History

San José city, Canton de San JoséCosta Rica

The story of the Canton of San José falls back to the origins of today's capital of Costa Rica. That was in 1736 because before that date, there was no significant population in this magnificent and fertile area called Central Valley. At this date the priest, Calbildo de León, ordered a church built in the Valley of Aserrí. He called the site La Boca del Monte.

When in 1751 the bishop Morel of Santa Cruz visited the place, it only had 11 houses made of clay and 15 houses made of straw. Since there was no water nearby, the people refused to live there and moved to Villa Nueva de la Boca del Monte. This Villa Nueva grew in size, especially during the 19th Century when the Coffee-Boom started. This fertile land, excellent to cultivate coffee, eventually became known as San José.

In 1805 the Villa Nueva de San José had 8,312 habitants, in 1815 there were 11,587 and in 1824, 15,472. Part of that growth came because of the civil war in 1823 when San José became the official capital of Costa Rica. From there on the city developed quickly. The level grounds permitted the city to expand in all directions. In a little more than 2 centuries, the village grew to the size 300,000 inhabitants. In 1890 the canton's population reached 39,112, the province grew to 76,718 and the country expanded to 243,205.

General Description

San José city, Canton de San JoséCosta Rica

San José enjoys many privileges. From any point of the city, one can observe the volcanic mountain ranges of Barva, Poás and Irazú.

San José is a modern city in general terms since there are no buildings older than 150 years. Divided into sections by the avenidas that go from east to west and calles that go form north to south, it has an immense variety or architectural styles. Old sites worthy of mention include the post-office building, the National Theatre, and the old airport in the Sabana Park. Modern Buildings include the Central Bank, the Mercedes building, and the Social Security building known as the 'Caja'.

San José is the center of business activity in Costa Rica with its multitude of stores, malls, supermarkets and industries. There is a lot of inter-urban traffic. Numerous bus-stops offer transportation to any part of the country. There is a pedestrian zone along the Central Avenue. In the northern part of the city there is a Zoo called Parque Bolívar and there are several museums such as the Gold Museum of the Central Bank with its undeerground location beneath the Plaza de la Cultura. The Central Banks, Banco Nacional, Banco de Costa Rica, the post office, the Central Cathedral and the Central Park, make up the heart of the city.

Another interesting sector is Paseo Colón which is the continuation of the Central Avenue. Along Paseo Colón you'll find the Hospital San Juán de Diós, the Children's Hospital, lots of stores, car rental places and restaurants. At its west-end near the Sabana Park you'll find a high rise commercial and office center called Centro Colón.

Interesting sites for tourists

San José city, Canton de San JoséCosta Rica

Within the city a tourist can take a city-tour combining shopping, historical sites, museums, shows and dining. The National Theatre, built between the years 1890 and 1897, would be an ideal starting point. Nearby, Parque Nacional comemorates solders of the war in 1856, where Central America was liberated of some foreign adventurers who wanted the region to become a slave state. From here you can walk to the Presidential-, Elections-, and Supreme Court Buildings and well as the Ministry of Tourism.

Climate

San José city, Canton de San JoséCosta Rica

The climate is fresh almost during the whole year with an average of 22 Degrees Celsius. In the month March and April this temperature raises a little but there are never extreme temperatures. The altitude of the different Sectors are: Cameral: 1161m, El Zapote: 1175m, La Uruca: 1110m, Mata Redonda: 1133m, Pavas: 1045m, Hatillo: 1123m and San Sebastián, 1131m.

Cantons of San José

Map of  San José Province Costa Rica

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Vásquez de Coronado, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Moravia, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Montes de Oca, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Curridabat, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica San José, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Desamparados, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Alajuelita, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Escazú, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Santa Ana, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Aserrí, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica León Cortés Castro, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Puriscal, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Acosta, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Terrazú, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Dota, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Pérez Zeledón, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Mora, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Turrubares, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Tibás, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica Goicoechea, Canton of the Province San José, Costa Rica