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Liberia

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Liberia

Escudo of the province Guanacaste Canton No. 1:  Liberia
Capital:  Liberia
Size:  1,436.47 km2
Founded:  No. 167, 7/12/1848
Km from Liberia to San José:  203 km

Districts

Liberia, Canton of Guanacaste Province District 1:  Liberia City
District 2:  Cañas Dulces, Villa
District 3:  Mayorga, Quebrada Grande, Villa
District 4:  Nacascolo, Guardia, Villa
District 5:  Curubandé, Cereceda, Villa

History

Liberia, Canton of Guanacaste Province

Liberia is similar to most towns in the plains. Born around a farm and a farm-house. It was around the eighteenth century, when the village started to take shape at a short distance from the river Liberia, which gave the people the necessary water. A resting place for the long trips between Nicaragua and the towns of Costa Rica ( Bacaces among others ) started growing and already in the 1801 with the so called annexation of Guanacaste, the village counted with 912 habitants of which were 45 of Spanish origin, 47 indigenous, 30 ladinos and 790 mulatos, zambos and pardos. In 1836 there were 1866 inhabitants in Guanacaste and in 1864 there were already 4007 of which 421 lived in the city and the rest on farms.

In 1856 Liberia was an important center in the war against the filibusters and since then is also called the white city. And as a homage for the then president Juan Rafael Mora, who guided the troops of Costa Rica against William Walker, the name was changed to Moracia, but a few years later this hero fell in disgrace and the name was changed again to Liberia.

It was also in this town, where at different times, 1919, 1948, 1955 troops concentrated. Liberia gained importance for being at an almost identical distance from the peninsula and the rest of the province. First it became capital of the department and later of the province.

General Description

Liberia, Canton of Guanacaste Province

Situated in the great plains of Guanacaste the land is of volcanic origin. Liberia is a typical town of the plains, with wide roads and old adobe buildings and paved as well as dirt roads. It has good public buildings like the archaeology museum that shows the collection of ex-president Daniel Oduber and was constructed during the administration of León Cortés ( 1036 - 1940 ), a very modern church, a nice park with a place where following an old tradition, the city band will play at different days of the week.

The land of the Liberian people shows the main occupation of the habitants that for generations were cattle farmers. At the far horizon one can see the majestic volcano Rincón de la Vieja, which has been active during all our history. There are beautiful rivers, like the Tempisque with lots of farms where Cowboys ( Sabaneros ) live, that are part of the many colorful personalities of this land with a big array of folkloric traditions.

Hydrography and Climate

Liberia, Canton of Guanacaste Province

The climate is warm, especially in the summer season; the average temperatures are 26 - 28 degrees Celsius and in the summer time it can reach 36 degrees. Liberia lies 144 meters above sea-leven, Cañas Dulces 105m, Mayorga Quebrada Grande 336m, Nacascolo Guardia 29m, Curubandé Cereceda (Guadalupe) 322m.

Interesting Sites

Liberia, Canton of Guanacaste Province

There are several interesting locations in the city of Liberia, like the La Ermita de la Agonía ( antigua ), the new church, The Cowboy (Sabanero) museum, and other locations like the market. Nearby one can visit cattle ranches with their very peculiar life style, the volcano Rinón de la Vieja, the waterfalls El Salto, Hornillas de Guachipelín.

The Cantones of Guanacaste

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La Cruz, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Liberia, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Bagaces, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Cañas, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Tilarán, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Abangares, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Santa Cruz, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Nicoya, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica hojancha, Guanacaste Canton of Costa Rica Nandayure, Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica